Fact Sheet

Capital:

Amman 
 
Language:
Arabic and English as the second language
 
Population:
6.7 million
 
Currency:
Jordan Dinar (JD)
 
Area:
89,342 square kilometers
 
Religion:
Islam
 
Government Type:
Democratic Monarchy with parliamentary representation 
 
Head of State:
HM King Abdullah II
 
Location:
Time is (GMT+2:00) in winter, and (GMT+3:00) in summer, or 7 hours ahead of US Eastern Standard Time. Summer time is observed from April through September.
 
Area:
89,342 square kilometers
 
Boundaries:
North Syria, South Saudi Arabia and Red Sea, East Iraq, and West state of Palestine.
 
Elevation Extremes:
Lowest point: Dead Sea -408m Highest point: Jabal Ram 1,734m 
 
Major Cities:
Amman, Ajloun, Aqaba, Balqa, Irbid, Jerash, Karak, Ma’an, Madaba, Mafraq, Tafileh, Zarqa.
 
Government:
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy, ruled since 1952 by His Majesty King Hussein. With the passing of the monarch in February of 1999, the King’s eldest son, His Majesty King Abdullah, ascended the throne. In Jordan, executive power is vested in the Council of Ministers which is appointed by the King, and which is accountable to a two house parliament. The 55 members of the Upper House are appointed by the King, while the110 deputies of the Lower House are elected by popular vote. Constitutional provisions define the rights and duties of Jordanian citizens, while guaranteeing the right of free worship, opinion, press, association and private property.
 
Since 1989 all elements of the Jordanian political spectrum have demonstrated commitment to increased democracy, liberalization and consensus building. These reforms, which have been guided by the late King Hussein, have placed Jordan on an irreversible path toward democratization. The result has been greater empowerment and involvement of everyday citizens in Jordan’s civic life, contributing to increased stability and institutionalization, which will benefit the county far into the future.
 
The remarkably stable political and social climate that Jordan has enjoyed for decades under the Hashemite Dynasty continues to thrive under His Majesty King Abdullah’s leadership. The new King has undertaken his father’s legacy of reform, committing his country to the goals of privatization, economic liberalization, and modernization of the law.